It is no secret that a good, tried and tested face care regimen is one of the cornerstones of good skin—well, aside from good genes of course. So how exactly do you create a good face care regimen?
Step 1: Figure out Your Skin Type
As with all things, you will have to start with what you need. There are so many products out there, and not all of them will be effective or even good for you. Take cleansers with salicylic acid for example. They are extremely effective for oily skin (especially for those of us who have large pores) but can be drying or even irritating for people who have normal to dry skin. So what will your skin type need exactly?
Norman/Combination Skin – Normal or combination skin is skin that doesn’t have any obvious issues. The skin will grow typically by oily on the T-zone (the forehead and the nose) but almost dry elsewhere on the face. For this skin type, mild glycolic soaps or non-soap facial wash that won’t strip away too much oil but is effective enough to clean dirt from the face.
Oily Skin – Pretty self-explanatory right? The goal for oily skin is not to strip as much oil away as you can. No, that may cause rebound greasiness. The goal is simply to manage oil and keep pure clear so as to avoid breakouts. The best cleansers for oily skin are those that have some salicylic acid. The one great thing about oily skin is that you age much later than others!
Dry or Mature Skin – This is a skin type that no longer produces enough oil to protect the skin resulting in aging and impaired skin repair. Oilskin needs to be moisturized and exfoliated regularly.
Sensitive Skin – Probably the hardest skin type to manage. Having sensitive skin means that switching products will be difficult, and your options are quite limited. If you have sensitive skin, we highly recommend seeing a dermatologist. Trying out products by yourself could lead to irritation and skin damage.
Step 2: Cleanse
There are several types of cleansers for different skin types. Combination skin will need a cleanser that will both clean the skin without drying it out. Oily skin will need a cleanser with some BHA to keep the pores clear of any dead skin cells. Dry skin, on the other hand, will benefit greatly from oil based cleansers like the ones popularized by Shu Uemura to remedy dryness, patchy skin, and a dull complexion. Sensitive skin will need hypoallergenic cleansers that don’t have alcohol and are non-soap.
Step 3: Tone
Toners used to be used for keeping the skin taut, hence the name “toner”. That era is long dead and gone because the only way to keep asking “taut” in those days was to fill toners with alcohol so that that skin cells on your face shrivel up to the point that your face feels tight.
Toners have had a new lease on life lately after being skipped by so many for many years. Toners are now formulated to have pH correcting compounds and to replace the protective film on the face that has been stripped away by cleansing. A lot of toners also have fruit acids that gently exfoliates the face and removes the “stickiness” between skin cells, making it easier for moisturizers and serums to penetrate the skin.
Step 4: Moisturize
I don’t care what people say, EVERYBODY needs to moisturize. Your face could be dripping like an oil spill, and you still should use a moisturizer. A water based moisturizer, granted, but a moisturizer still. This is one of the best-kept secrets of women who age beautifully—they all started using moisturizer at an early age. In fact, the greasiness on your skin could be a rebounding effect from being so dry and so stripped away of moisture that your oil gland is now on over drive trying to overcompensate for your skin’s dryness.
Step 5: Nourish
Truthfully, this is a step you probably won’t need to add until you reach about 25 years old or older. You can nourish your skin from in and out. You should drink enough water, maintain a dense nutrition diet as well as drink multivitamins. You can skip this step by using a moisturizer that has vitamin E, vitamin A, hyaluronic acid and niacin.
Step 6: Protect
To be truthful, there are only two kinds of products that have been CLINICALLY proven to prevent wrinkles—retinol and sunscreen. Retinol can be quite expensive, but sunscreen is cheap and easy to use, so there is no excuse! If there is nothing else that you can take away from this article but this…please wear sunscreen. Your aging skin will thank you for it!
Step 7: Create Weekly Regimen
Once you’re done creating a daily regimen, you should move on to creating a weekly regimen. This regimen should include some exfoliation and deep moisturizing. A great way to do this is to buy facial masks.
Meighan Sembrano has done her Mass Communication degree. In her free time, she likes to write about health, lifestyle fitness, world news, and beauty. She is an author at Consumer Health Digest since 2012. To know more about her, follow her on Twitter.